So what is 5 star review? Well, this is where, as a reviewer, I let you know what makes me rate your book 5 stars – or not. This week’s topic: content rating
Please note that some things that turn me off to your book as a reader/reviewer turn others on and vice versa.
Content rating – What is appropriate for each age group?
At the moment, books don’t have content ratings like movies or video games on the cover. The debate as to whether they should is split evenly according to this poll on Hellum. So how do readers know whether or not there is offensive material within a book without these ratings? Are there sex scenes? Graphic deaths? Make outs or just kissing? Lesbian/Gay relationships (which I don’t find offensive, but some people do)? Animal cruelty? Drugs?
Books don’t have content ratings. Or do they? Bookstores separate books by more than genre. In fact, genres are a subcategory when searching for the book you want. The primary division in a bookstore is age.
There is a section for children’s books, middle grade, young adult, adult, and erotica. Although there are some books that bend the “rules” of an age group like Go the F*** to sleep, most adhere to what is and what isn’t appropriate for a particular age. As a reviewer, I mention in my reviews whether I feel like a book is geared towards a particular age group or if it would fit better somewhere else. I think practically any topic can be in any age group, but I do think that it needs to be handled very differently for each age group. Please note that what I think is appropriate might be different that what you think is appropriate. This topic, however, has impacted what I rate a book in the past. So, let’s break this down, shall we?
Although I don’t typically review picture books on this blog, I will rate them on Amazon. Picture books are meant for children under five and usually read out loud. Sensitive topics like death, abuse, divorce, and sex need to be handled with care. You shouldn’t have a character “die”. Children don’t understand the concept of someone never coming back. If they see someone die, then they think that the person is sleeping and not waking up. Children want to be reunited someday with this person, so probably the best way to handle death is to say that the person went to Heaven, on vacation, or a special place.
As far as sex goes, I really don’t think that any parent wants to explain the physics of sex and making babies to a child. Kissing is about as hardcore as you can get with this age group without having your book thrown into a fireplace or on the banned books list. Abuse is a difficult topic but one that I’ve seen handled very well for this age group. I don’t think that you should ever have the abuse “on screen”. This is better told and not shown. The most important thing when handling this topic is to emphasis that abuse is WRONG and the victim (whether a child or adult) is never to be BLAMED. Like abuse, the important thing to remember when talking about divorce is BLAME. It is not the child’s fault and parents shouldn’t badmouth each other “on screen”.
There isn’t much difference between what is appropriate for picture books and what is appropriate for middle grade books, except when dealing with death. By this age, children understand that the deceased won’t be coming back. Children this age still see the world in black/white, so convincing them that a murderer is the good guy or that a parent is evil is a hard sell. They understand the simple equation that guy + girl = baby and even the parts required to make babies, but keep everything off screen but the kissing. No naked people. No touching the nether regions. Sometimes there are four letter words in this age bracket, but the person who speaks these obscenities is always casted in a negative light or punished for speaking like that. Likewise with drugs and alcohol. Don’t glamorize these vices in middle grade books.
I’m a real advocate for anything goes in this age bracket. Well, except hard porn. Soft porn is okay. Nipples. Crotch. Naked people. The major difference between young adult sex scenes and adult/erotica is the focus on the scene. In young adult the focus is on the emotion. The characters are in love and awkward. They worry. They think. There is more narrating about what the character is thinking than what the character is doing. In adult/erotica the focus is about performance and orgasms. The details are in the positions and not what the characters are thinking.
Violence and gore is something that I don’t have much of a problem reading, but many teens and adult fans of this genre don’t enjoy reading. So, I would say that it’s okay to have someone get shot in the head. It probably wouldn’t be okay to have the gray brain matter splatter all over someones else’s face and then start describing what it tastes like. (I do wonder how authors know what things like this taste like.) Also, animals and children are off limits. You can kill them, but no torture at all.
I’ve downrated books in this age bracket for being too safe. When writing a book for children and teens, you should be concerned about what topics to tread carefully with. When writing a book for adults, you should be concerned about telling the story and not about offending people. Fade to black during fight or sex scenes makes me feel like you were too lazy to write it. Sex is exciting. It is way more exciting that reading about your character’s morning routine after having sex. I also expect that the characters advance past first base – please don’t make the climax his tongue is her mouth unless this is chick lit. Obviously, if I were to read an erotica novel that didn’t have graphic sex scenes, the book would be rated poorly. A book about soldiers in battle should have detailed battle scenes. Show. Show. Show!
If the book is for people under 18, be careful how you write certain topics.
If the book is for people 18 and older, always show not tell.
Readers: What rating would you give a book that had teenage characters but detailed sex scenes? Would it be YA or Adult? Would you let your kid read Go the F*** to sleep?